Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Skin Deep Response Free Essays

Jasmine Cardenas October 17, 2012 English 1000C Professor Bell Skin Deep 1. Since a little fellow Dane was not instructed about some other races than that of his own. Dane’s family raised him to accept he was better over different races. We will compose a custom paper test on Shallow Response or on the other hand any comparable point just for you Request Now His granddad and incredible granddad both battled in the Confederacy and were both supremacist Caucasian men. Dane states legitimately to different teenagers in the gathering, â€Å"no way I can step back and change that,† meaning his grandparents that were associated with the Confederacy. Since Dane was brought up in a mostly supremacist family and predominantly white neighborhood he was raised to think he was superior to those youngsters and teenagers of different races. He was raised to accept that everybody in humankind has battles in their own particular manner yet realizes that minorities make some harder memories with these regular battles. Dane states in one of his discussions with other undergrads that, â€Å"life is rough† and that ought to have the option to deal with their circumstance all alone. This is an association I made between Dane’s early beneficial encounters and his battles to understand his own racial personality. I feel as if Dane’s early life at home affected his perspectives on cooperations with different understudies at the workshop. 2. Tammy was brought up in an all white neighborhood and yet understood the battles and prejudice toward minorities. I feel as if Tammy is in the Pseudo-Independent phase of Beverly Daniel Tatum’s â€Å"Racial Identity Development† model. I think Tammy’s in this formative stage since she was mindful of the contentions that minorities looked in that timeframe; she was likewise extremely concerned and needed to become familiar with the sentiments of those from different societies. She doesn’t accept that Whites are â€Å"superior† to some other race and she needed to roll out an improvement in herself and in her neighborhood. Tammy needs to interface with those of different races however others don’t take to it well since she is white and numerous youthful personalities accepted that all Caucasians were bigot. It was exceptionally hard for Tammy to express what is on her mind in bunch conversations since she felt so firmly about the subject. Tammy expressed, â€Å"my family showed me a genuine day’s work, and fair day’s pay†¦but I’ve come to understand that for some culture’s in our general public that’s false they need to work twice as hard and are being shown they can’t accomplish something. † This statement truly set it apart for me in making sense of which formative stage Tammy had a place in. Step by step instructions to refer to Skin Deep Response, Essay models

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Yoruba drumming Essays - Zimbabwean Music, African Drums, Drums

Yoruba drumming - - - - - There are numerous things that set Yoruba drumming and Shona mbira music separated from each other. Most evidently of which is the sound that every produce. Commonly, Yoruba drumming comprises of an area of drummers playing different sizes, shapes and styles of drums, and is typically joined by vocalists. The mbira is a pitch and tone creating instrument that is culled, instead of a percussive instrument that is struck or beat. In this way, Mbira music is never joined by something besides another mbria. In any case, the dundun drum itself is generally known for its capacity to create a wide scope of pitches, otherwise called the talking drum. The utilization of dundun drums in African culture assumes a significant job, because of its cozy relationship with the African language of the Yoruba individuals. Since the African language is tonal, the dundun drum mirrors the discourse examples of the language when it is played, subsequently the moniker talking drum. In the Eegun oje, a Yoruba masquarade, the move is normally joined by bata, a troupe of narrowly formed, twofold headed layer drums, and one of Yorubas most antiquated instrumental groups. A bata group comprises of four drums: the iyaalu (the mother drum), and three supporting drums (the omele abo, the omele ako, and the kudi). The omele ako and the kudi frequently play extremely dreary examples and rhythms, while the omele abo regularly participates in exchange with the iyaalu. The iyaalu is played by an ace drummer, whose content based extemporizations are joined by the ostinato examples of the supporting drums (Omojola, 2005, standard. 2). Yoruba drumming is regularly performed during ceremonies, or disguise moves, in which various artists move to musical signs given to them by the ace drummer, and those not moving frequently participate in a call-and-reaction style of vocal singing. In any case, vocals are seen to be a greater amount of a backup to the more predominant drumming. The writings of the tunes were regularly sung as self-acclaim to propel the artists energetically. Albeit numerous masquerades are utilized to speak to the predecessor spirits of the Yoruba individuals, the Eegun oje isn't. It is utilized clearly for diversion. The portrayal or love of progenitor spirits in tune is one of only a handful not many things that Shona mbira music shares as a similitude. The Shona individuals have solid convictions in post-existence, as in when demise happens, the soul of the cherished one advances to another plane of presence. It is essential to the Shona individuals that when this happens, they remain in close correspondence with the expired, so as to direct the spirits from risk. They accept that the music of the mbira gives the most significant methods for correspondence to these spirits. The mbira comprises of three lines of various estimated metal strips, appended to a wooden resonator that are culled to make various pitches. Cowry shells or jug tops are additionally appended to the case, making them vibrate when a metal strip is culled. One of the most significant kinds of mbiras is the mbira davadzimu. It is an instrument firmly connected with soul ownership services, known as the bira. In a bira service, the mbria is played to make an open line of correspondence between the living and the dead. Albeit both the Yoruba and the Shona have affiliations with the soul world, the thing that matters is that the Shona use music to effectively speak with the dead, though the Yoruba ordinarily simply use music to venerate spirits and divine beings in ceremonies and masquerades. Mbiras are normally played without anyone else, inside, yet can likewise be played outside with the expansion of a deze, a calabash resonator utilized for enhancement. It is additionally normal for Mbria players to cooperate with other Mbira players, or with the assistance of shakers and light percussion segments. In contrast with the four distinct drums segments utilized in the Eegun oje, there are regularly two sections in mbria music: a pioneer (kushaura) and a supporter (kutsinhera). Commonly these parts are played by two distinct players, yet they can likewise be played by a solitary, virtuoso mbira player.

Tuesday, July 28, 2020

Theres More to Lulu.com Than You Realize

Theres More to Lulu.com Than You Realize Publishing has become a difficult business of late, with self-publishing horror stories and abundant free content discouraging even the most determined of writers. Enter lulu.com, a one-stop shop for writers wanting to take their publishing dreams into their own hands. Lulu offers a wealth of resources for writers, and some of the most useful are not readily apparent from the homepage. This article will whet your appetite with a few of the highlights that this website offers, but there is certainly more of use than what you will read here.AudienceLulu is a very specific writers resource and focuses mainly on the tasks of publishing and marketing completed works, more than how or what to write. Although there is some information available on more general writing skills and topics, this is first and foremost a site about publication, and all of the fun and frustrating aspects of it; from personal ISBN numbers, to spine width calculators for hardcover books (available in the Lulu Self-P ublishing Toolkit). That said, if you are looking to improve your skills as a writer, or bone up on a new genre or style, this may not be the most useful site that you can visit, despite its breadth of topics.Some of you may be asking, what if I dont know whether or not I want to self-publish? Well, there are guides which outline the demographics and pros/cons of different vendors and formats that might help you make that decision. Honestly, I had never considered self-publishing a viable option for writers who want to, to put it bluntly, be paid for their work, but this site makes a compelling case, with alluring profit margins helpfully displayed for each type of product and vending outlet, and an entire section dedicated to selling your work. It is definitely worth a look.This site makes a compelling case, with alluring profit margins helpfully displayed for each type of product and vending outlet, and an entire section dedicated to selling your work. It is definitely worth a loo k.Tried and tested publishers rarely give writers, especially new ones, this much control over content and format, either. With Lulu, you choose what goes into your book, what gets cut, what color the cover is, whether you want a certain image on a dust jacket, and even the always contentious title; all up to you. It is a very well-done, and enticing option that Lulu presents. While I cant attest to how well these methods work in real world sales scenarios, there are a seemingly endless stream of reviews scrolling across a green banner which can; most of them very positive.Lulu Self-Publishing ToolkitThe Lulu Self-Publishing Toolkit provides a wealth of tools and resources for writers looking to end the rejection letter cycle, and get their work out themselves. The thorough nature of the websites creators makes it a user-friendly interface, which even the most inept of computer users among us can navigate with ease. With creation and conversion guides that walk users through a seque ntial, step-by-step process of creating a finished piece, decisions are broken down into manageable bits, which make the process seem simple and fun. Choices such as print versus electronic, paper size, and text/paper color combinations are displayed with straightforward instructions, and amusing graphics. Just reading about it makes you want to click on over, doesnt it?Here are just a few of the immensely helpful resources in the Lulu Self-Publishing Toolkit:TipsInfographicsPublishing GuidesSelf-Publishing ChecklisteBook Conversion GuideCover TemplateThat covers the nitty gritty of producing a book, but what does Lulu offer by way of all the other tasks that go into publishing? So glad that you asked, as the author services section is one of my favorite parts of this website.Publishing Marketing ServicesThe Publishing Marketing Services section of Lulu is just that; a compilation of some of the most useful services that a writer could need. Yes, before you ask, many of these serv ices have fees, which seem reasonable for what is being provided. Just like authors wanting to receive adequate compensation for their work, illustrators, editors, and others have honed their respective crafts in order to provide you with the best service possible, and thus deserve to receive some remuneration. The most impressive service available, in my opinion, is the toll-free phone number, which allows you to talk to an actual human being, who will aid you in choosing the services and providers that are right for your project and budget; invaluable. I should note that this service is available via email, as well, for the more reclusive among us. Among the impressive list of services offered via the user interface, are:Publishing Cover DesignsPersonal ISBN (International Standard Book Number)Color Illustrations; monochrome, tooDevelopmental Editing (one of five editing services offered)Social Media Coach; marketingHollywood Screenplay assistanceHonestly, they had me at personal ISBN; they clearly know writers.Within this web of online service providers, lies the editing services section, and your new best friend, if you are big on ideas, but not the most experienced when it comes to literary format. The Developmental Editing package offers all of the normal editing services that one might commonly expect, like punctuation and grammar, plus book level plot and flow analysis; all in one easy to hire service. Here is an excerpt from the service description:For works of fiction, the editor will analyze the readership and genre to determine whether the content is appropriate. He will then examine essential considerations such as plot, pace, characterization and dialog. For nonfiction titles, the editor will analyze the readership, purpose, and possible uses of the work to determine whether the content is complete and appropriate…Once big-picture changes have been made, the second step, a Content Edit, begins; the content editor will check the manuscript for e rrors in grammar, spelling, and punctuation. And third, the manuscript will receive a quality review to ensure the manuscript is editorially sound before it goes into production.Lulu.comOf course, line editing and content editing are available as stand-alone services, as well, for those who only need a second set of eyes in a more limited capacity. However, for the first-time writer, or those branching out to a new genre, the full-service package is an invaluable way to get a thorough, in-depth analysis of their work, with constructive feedback. And instead of having to personally research and vet a variety of editors, you can simply contact the helpful folks at Lulu, who will match your project with the most appropriate editor.For the first-time writer, or those branching out to a new genre, the full-service package is an invaluable way to get a thorough, in-depth analysis of their work, with constructive feedback.Non-writersIn addition to services for authors, Lulu highlights thei r benefits for Artists, Educators, and Nonprofits on their homepage, showcasing various book types and formats (photo book, calendar, etc.) available, which might better suit these groups. To be fair, these are not additional or separate services being offered, but more a quick reference to which of Lulus extensive services might best suit each type of creator. Still, the option is there, and the ability to specifically format a photo or cooking book might get even experienced authors thoughts going in a new and creative direction.Print eBookThe Create page is where the fun, magical part of self-publishing begins, as clients are first faced with that often difficult, but crucial, question; Print or eBook? This section is the one that I could see becoming a real rabbits hole, with extensive color and font optionsâ€"not to mention graphics that could keep me happily planning book designs for hours. This section is also one that is empowering to creators and writers, though, with each and every decision resting solely in your hands; both a heady and slightly nerve wracking prospect.Should the paper versus pdf dilemma still confuse you, never fear. In addition to guides explaining option outcomes and likely demographics, there is a Knowledge Base page, with articles, questions, and responses from members of the Lulu Community. Fellow writers, illustrators, and creators have contributed useful knowledge and hard-won tips that can help guide you in your quest to make your personal labor of love as perfect as possible.Sum it upLulu.com is truly a remarkable website for authors, and might just be the resource that you are looking for to jumpstart your fledgling publication list, or mix things up with a new genre. Even if you would never considered self-publication, there is a shop area full of works by independent authors that is worth a look- both for research and personal enjoyment purposes- and a wealth of useful information about genres, vendors, and demographics that can enhance the industry knowledge base of any author.The publishing world is rapidly changing, and many authors feel overwhelmed by the new realities of Ebooks and downloadable content. Whether you feel perfectly comfortable pounding out Ebooks, or are just dipping your toe into electronic formatting, Lulu can help you to be more successful in your writing career, and we all need that kind of resource.

Friday, May 22, 2020

George Washington s Secret Six Essay - 1250 Words

George Washington’s Secret Six: The Spy Ring That Saved the American Revolution, a monograph written by Brian Kilmeade and Don Yaeger, narrates the Culper Spy Ring’s operation in New York City and its contribution toward the American victory over the Great Britain in the American Revolution. Under the order of General George Washington, Major Benjamin Tallmadge established the Culper Spy Ring with the purpose to outspy the British troops’ activities and movements in Manhattan, therefore allowing the Continental Army to recapture New York City. The ring included six members: Robert Townsend, Abraham Woodhull, James Rivington, Austin Roe, Caleb Brewster, and the secret Agent 355; under the command of General Washington and Major Tallmadge, these six members collected information about the British troops’ activities in Manhattan, subsequently sending the information via an intelligence route to General George in order to help him anticipating and making appro priate moves to counter the British schemes. Although there were sacrifices during the operation of the Culper Spy Ring, typically the loss of Agent 355, the Secret Six’s espionage significantly contributed toward the American victory, even with New Work City being occupied by the British Army. Throughout the book, the authors imply that the Culper Spy Ring played a significant role in saving the Continental Army from losing the American Revolution. I find this thesis convincing since the information collected andShow MoreRelatedSpies of the American Revolution1211 Words   |  5 Pagesin decisive battles. Long before the conception of organizations like the National Security Agency (NSA), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) or the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) , George Washington served as the chief intelligence officer and spymaster of our nation. He headed a covert ring of spies who s intel, bravery and for some, ultimate sacrifice would help shape the outcome of the war. There were many rings of spies during this time period but, none as effective or famous. The firstRead MoreNational Geographic: The Real George Washington (2008).1471 Words   |  6 PagesGeographic: The Real George Washington (2008) George Washington was a natural-born leader. If the stature of a six-foot-two-inch man was not indicative of natural leadership, Washington’s humility, integrity, and military prowess, was. Yet a man of very few words, Washington could command militias with a single raised arm, and lead an infant-country on bended knee. Washington was a leader through action; he was not verbose, ambiguous, or bombastic. Knowing this, Washington led America (along withRead MoreRacial Discrimination And Related Treatment Of African Americans Essay1735 Words   |  7 Pagesslaves, and it goes without saying that for one to justify another’s enslavement—as did wealthy American colonials—that person would have to hold to the belief that the slave is by definition, and inferior being. Our first and third presidents: George Washington and Thomas Jefferson were slave owners and their treatment of African Americans is well documented. (Smithsonian, 2015) The dehumanizing way Early Americans treated Africans who were imported as slave labor became universally accepted among theRead MoreThe War Of Secret Intelligence1950 Words   |  8 Pageswar of secret intelligence. The Revolutionary War was the birth of a new nation, and the birth of secret intelligence use. George Washington is given the credit for this development by most officials. Along with the use of spies, we also have the beginning of ciphers and coding in warfare. The beginning of this nation was the beginning of many institutions still essential to our society today. The Start of the Intelligence War George Washington and Secret Intelligence Washington s Six UnfortunatelyRead MoreThomas Jefferson And The Tripoli Pirates1086 Words   |  5 Pageshis career in journalism as a self employed sports anchor and covered the New York Metrostars soccer team. He is also the author of â€Å"The Games Do Count: America’s Best and Brightest on the Power of Sports†, â€Å"It’s How You Play the Game†, â€Å"George Washington’s Secret Six: The Spy Ring That Saved The American Revolution†. He is currently a co-host of Fox’s morning show, Fox and Friends. The reason I chose this book was because, not only did it look interesting, but because it also describes a war that â€Å"changedRead MoreTaking a Look at the Manhattan Project1536 Words   |  6 Pageswas the psychological effects of the two bomb droppings that did more damage than the actual destruction caused. The projected was started through United States concern that the Germans were developing a similar weapon. It was kept a well guarded secret and when it was used for the first time on a city caused a horrible shock. The decision to use the bomb was not made lightly and had many different reasons behind it. It was made especially hard after seeing the actual destruction it could cause becauseRead MoreSummary Of Founding Brothers : The Revolutionary Generation By Joseph J. Ellis1377 Words   |  6 Pagesthey happened to live in. Through the six chapters and preface, Ellis examines the key revolutionary leaders, the problems they faced, their ideas and thoughts on these issues, and how they were human and capable of failure, not just legendary figures destined for success. Ellis describes the many ongoing motives for the Hamilton-Burr duel, the political ideas and compromises on handling the new nation’s economy, the controversy on the issue of slavery, George Washington’s Farewell Address and hisRead MoreThomas Jefferson And The Declaration Of Independence1600 Words   |  7 Pagesland there. His parents, a nd three siblings, (three other sisters), traveled far to their new home. Thomas spent the next six years roaming the woods, playing the violin, and studying his books. Jefferson went to a boarding school when he was nine years old. In 1760, Jefferson enrolled at the College of William and Mary. From 1762 to 1767, he pursued studying under the famous, George Wythe. The law professor was well known for teaching John Marshall, and Henry Clay, two of America’s most outstandingRead MoreThe And The Trial Rather Than On Primary Sources1329 Words   |  6 Pagesanyone to advance scholarship and research into the conspiracy to kidnap then assassinate President Lincoln. She also states that the research files housed at the James O. Hall Research Center are the core of any historian s investigation into the complex web of John Wilkes Booth s fatal scheme (231). She also thanks Google Books, Making of America, Documenting the American South, the Gutenberg Project, and numerous universi ties, libraries, archives, and museums who have digital copies of some ofRead MoreThe Department Of Homeland Security1602 Words   |  7 Pagesbe appointed by President George W. Bush to the position of Director of the Office of Homeland Security. Tom Ridge previously a member of the House of Representatives and Governor of the state of Pennsylvania. Would serve as the Director Homeland Security until 2005. The Department of Homeland Security would begin in after the attacks on the United States. The Office of Homeland Security and the Homeland Security Council would be officially created by President George w. Bush on October 8, 2001

Saturday, May 9, 2020

Honesty in Pride and Prejudice and a Dolls House.

Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House and Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice are set in similar time period and feature protagonists who go through different struggles, but whose themes have some overlap. Honesty is a theme that is played out in both stories resulting in opposite consequences for the protagonists. The power of honesty can either hurt or enhance lives. The truth means ruination in Nora and Torvald’s marriage in A Doll’s House whereas the truth brings Elizabeth and Darcy together in Pride and Prejudice. Honesty in both male and female protagonists is equally important in forging good relationships between each other. In both stories, strong honesty shapes the two couples’ fates. Both novels begin with the dishonesty of female†¦show more content†¦The two contrasting consequences not only depend on Nora and Elizabeth’s honesty, but also depend on their spouses. Nora believed that Torvald would understand her dishonesty because she trusted his love. However, when Torvald learns about the blackmail, Nora and Torvald’s marriage falls apart: â€Å"Miserable woman†¦who was my pride and joy†¦ a hypocrite, a liar, worse than that, a criminal! †¦they [people] might even think I was the one behind it all, I who pushed you†¦I’ve taken such good care of you†¦done to me?...you’ll go on living here†¦you will not be allowed to bring up the children, I can’t trust you with them (75-76).† In this moment of truth, not only Nora but also Torvald shows his true color. In order to keep his pride and reputation, he makes Nora live with him and pretends that they are married. Even worse, when Torvald receives the IOU letter back, he suddenly hides his true color, as if nothing has happened after he had said horrible words to Nora: â€Å"We are saved, Nora! †¦I forgive you everything. I know you did what you did because you loved me. (77)† Nora â€Å"understands† the truth of Torvald after revealing the truth of herself. She learns that Torvald’s love is not genuine, and their marriage has been fake and artificial. Nevertheless, honesty in Pride and Prejudice empowered Elizabeth and Darcy’s relationship. Although Darcy’s first proposal to Elizabeth was not successful, he tries once more as he writes a letter with honesty. â€Å"†¦may be offensive

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Gas Turbine Free Essays

Types of ventilation – Induced draft ventilation – Turbine ,Acc module – Positive ventilation- LGB, Exhaust Ventilation System Design features †¢ Induced Draft Ventilation †¢ Number of compartments †¢ Accessory compartment †¢ Turbine compartment †¢ Aft compartment †¢ Generator Enclosure †¢ 2 X 100 % Roof mounted centrifugal fans †¢ Auto change over †¢ Fan outlet gravity dampers, CO2 dampers and silencers provided †¢ Enclosure Air inlet hoods with filter panels †¢ Slow cool down fan provided for Turbine compartment Fan sizing Accessory compartment Heat load criteria: †¢ Q = Heat Rejection = 104000 (BTU/Hr) = 436. 8 ( Kcal/min) †¢ Design compartment temp – 600 C at ambient of 430 C †¢ Fan provided : 2 x 10,000 CFM at 3. 5 inch WC static pressure †¢ The calculated temp raise with selected air flow 7. We will write a custom essay sample on Gas Turbine or any similar topic only for you Order Now 80 C †¢ Static Pressure selected considering drop across suction filter, inlet, exit, silencer and ducting Number of air changes criteria: †¢ Volume Of the Acc Comp = 278 m3 †¢ Number of Air change/Hr = 60 (Meets NFPA and DEP 31. 29. 70. 31 requirements) Fan sizing Turbine compartment Heat load criteria: †¢ Q = Heat Rejection = 1273469 (BTU/Hr) = 5348 ( Kcal/min) †¢ Design compartment temp – 1200 C at ambient of 430 C †¢ Fan provided : 2 x 26,000 CFM at 3. 5 inch WC static pressure †¢ The calculated temp raise with selected air flow 300 C †¢ Static Pressure selected considering drop across suction filter, inlet, exit, silencer and ducting Number of air changes criteria: †¢ Volume Of the Acc Comp = 215 m3 †¢ Number of Air change/Hr = 185 (Meets NFPA and DEP 31. 29. 70. 31 requirements) Vent Fan Drawing Typical Accessory Compartment Fan Curve †¢ Fan BHP : 5. 53 kw †¢ Motor selected- 8 kw †¢ Motor Data: †¢ 4pole – 415V,3Ph TEFC †¢ Motor ambient Temp. 650 C †¢ Insulation class – H ( Temp raise limited to class B) †¢ Flame proof NEC Class 1 Div 2 Gr CD Turbine Compartment Fan Curve †¢ Fan BHP : 15. 45 kw †¢ Motor selected- 19 kw †¢ Motor Data: †¢ 4pole – 415V,3Ph TEFC †¢ Motor ambient Temp. 650 C †¢ Insulation class – H ( Temp raise limited to class B) †¢ Flame proof NEC Class 1 Div 2 Gr CD Exhaust Frame Blower (Fr6) †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ Two motor driven centrifugal Blowers Inlet screen silencer Air to turbine shell, exhaust frame via strut passages (Annular space) Flow:2470 CFM with two fans in operation Emergency:1860 CFM with one fan in operation Motor rating :50HP GT Auxiliaries GT Auxiliaries EXHAUST FRAME BLOWERS EXHAUST FRAME BLOWER GT Auxiliarie s MIST ELIMINATOR Removes oil mist entrained in the LO vapor – Flow rate 😕 SCFM – Demister pads(8No’s)-SS316 wire mesh – Coalescing filter element(99. 97% for droplets and particles 0. micron and larger) – Outlet oil content not more than 5ppm by weight – Centrifugal blowers (2 No’s) and motors(11kw each) OUT LET FILTER CASING INLET BLOWER MOTOR GT Auxiliaries GT Auxiliaries MIST ELIMINATOR – High speed rotating machinery: High temperature and shearing action in bearings generates a large volume of very fine oil mist (droplets) plus a considerable amount of vapor – Oil mist and oil vapor is vented from the lube oil tank, it causes a visible plume – Stringent environmental laws and regulations at all government levels – Coalescers combine small aerosols through the filter media to form large droplets. How to cite Gas Turbine, Papers

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

The Role Of Women In The Church Essays - Christianity And Women

The Role of Women in the Church With the advent of the feminist movement, the role of women in all parts of society has come under increasing scrutiny. One area of recent controversy is the role of women in the Christian Church. Some churches whose traditions and practices are less rigidly tied to Biblical doctrines have begun placing women in leadership positions such as pastor or teacher. Other churches which interpret the Bible more literally have been slow to adopt such changes. Much of the confusion is based on attempts to interpret scriptures pertaining to women. In this essay, we will use the Bible to underezd the role of women in the church of the first century and apply that underezding to the church of the twentieth century. Many people would dispute the Bible's relevance to contemporary thought in general, and in particular to the role of women in worship. If the Bible were not written under divine inspiration, a person or practice is not bound by its teachings. He or she can therefor pick and choose whatever corresponds to his/her point of view. However, if the Bible is of divine inspiration, then a cautious consideration of passages relevant to a particular issue must be undertaken. Traditions and customs that have arisen after the Bible was written may thus be carefully scrutinized. Such practices may or may not prove sound after comparison with scripture. Before we discuss specific issues concerning women in worship, we should consider principles derived from the relationship of Adam and Eve as described in Genesis chapter one. The Apostle Paul frequently uses this passage as a guideline when discussing women and women's issues. Genesis 1 verse 27 states: "So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them." Most Commentators agree that man and woman are both equally a reflection of God's image; the word "man" here is used as a synonym for humanity. Adam and Eve were also given joint dominion over creation. But the fact that Adam was created before Eve has significance to Paul and other Old Testament scholars; it signifies role distinction between the two sexes. The role of the man is leadership, while the role of woman is as a source of strength and support. In the letter to the Ephesians, Paul states: "For the husband is the head of the wife as Christ is the head of the church. . ." (Eph. 5:23) This is an important analogy. If a person wants to underezd the Christian authority of a man over his wife, he must consider how Christ demonstrated his leadership as head over the Church. Primarily, he gave his life for his church, not using force or coercion for her submission. When considering mens and woman's ministry in the church, it is important to keep in mind this role distinction. Lets examine the public ministry of women in the Church. Two major passages give specific instructions regarding women during worship in the letters of the Apostle Paul. These two passages are used frequently when denying women a public role in church life. The first is in I Corinthians chapter 14 verses 33 - 35, this passage commands women to be silent during worship service. Similarly but with more details, I Timothy 2 verses 8 - 15 not only contains a command to be silent but also instruction on authority along with a reference to the fall of Adam and Eve for further explanation. Here is the passage in its entirety using the NIV (New International Version) Bible translation: I want men everywhere to lift up holy hands in prayer, without anger or disputing. I also want women to dress modestly, with decency and propriety, not with braided hair or gold or pearls or expensive clothes, but with good deeds, appropriate for women who profess to worship God. A women should learn in quietness and full submission. I do not permit a woman to teach or to have authority over a man; she must be silent. For Adam was formed first, then Eve. And Adam was not the one deceived; it was the woman who was deceived and became a sinner.